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Friday the 21st of May, 2010
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BRITISH vs. AMERICAN-6

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Good morning.

Hoy acabamos nuestro repaso a las diferencias entre el inglés americano y británico estándar, estudiando algunas variaciones en el vocabulario. Aquí es donde realmente encontramos la mayoría de las diferencias importantes entre estos dialectos. Sólo veremos unos cuantos ejemplos para demostrar la confusión que pueden causar, pero si quieres más información te recomiendo los siguientes libros:

-A to Zed, A to Zee (Editorial Stanley 2000), by Glenn Darrahgor

-BBC American English OK! (Difusión 1998), by Susan Stempleski

Chaleco (Esp.)
Vest (US) vs. Waistcoat (UK)

Camiseta de tirantes (para hombres) (Esp.)
Tank top (US) vs. Vest (UK)

Ascensor (Esp.)
Elevator (US) vs. Lift (UK)

Lata (Esp.)
Can (US) vs. Tin (UK)

Patatas Fritas (Esp.)
French Fries (US) vs. Chips (UK)

Patatas Fritas "de bolsa" (Esp.)
Potato Chips (US) vs. Crisps (UK)

IVA (Esp.)
Sales Tax (US) vs. VAT = Value Added Tax (UK)

Farmacia (Esp.)
Pharmacy (US) vs. Chemist's (UK)

Aunque hay muy pocas diferencias entre el inglés americano y británico en cuanto a gramática y ortografía, sí que hay diferencias importantes en el vocabulario; no son demasiadas, pero pueden causar confusión. No hay que obsesionarse con estas variaciones, pero está bien ser consciente de ellas para evitar malos entendidos o situaciones embarazosas.

Si tienes alguna pregunta sobre el contenido de la Essential Weekly Vitamin de hoy, por favor pon un comentario en la sección de la Daily Vitamin en nuestra web (www.ziggurat.es), clicando en el botón "Add a Comment".

I hope you have a wonderful day and a great weekend!



Thursday the 20th of May, 2010
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JUST-8

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Hello again,

Today we finish our review of expressions and uses of the English word just.

Today's expression is: just now

Meaning 1: at this moment.

Example 1:
Can you please call me back in 10 minutes. I'm busy just now.

Meaning 2: during this present period.

Example 2:
Despite the crisis, business is good just now. Perhaps people are spending more now because they know that the VAT will increase in June.

Meaning 3: a very short time ago.

Example 3:
Rachel: Excuse me, do you know where Janet is?
Jack: I saw her just now; I think she was going to the library.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post your comments by clicking on the "Add a Comment" button in the Daily Vitamin section on our website (www.ziggurat.es/es/lecciones_ingles/index.asp).

Remember that tomorrow we will send the Essential Weekly Vitamin for Spanish-speaking students of English.

Have a great day.



Wednesday the 19th of May, 2010
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JUST-7

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Hello again,

Today we continue our review of expressions and uses of the English word just.

Today's expression is: just like that

Meaning: suddenly, without warning or explanation.

Example 1:
The workers salaries were reduced by 5%, just like that.

Example 2:
We were riding our bicycles when, just like that, she crashed. Luckily, she was wearing a helmet.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post your comments by clicking on the "Add a Comment" button in the Daily Vitamin section on our website (www.ziggurat.es/es/lecciones_ingles/index.asp).

Enjoy the rest of your day.



Tuesday the 18th of May, 2010
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JUST-6

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning everyone.

Today we continue our review of expressions and uses of the English word just.

Today's expression is: just a minute / moment / second

Meaning: used to ask someone to wait for a very short time.

Example 1:
Homer: Has Mr Burns arrived yet?
Smithers: Just a second please, I'll check

Example 2:
David: Are we going to open the Christmas presents now? 
Matthew: Just a minute. David. I know you're excited, but we still have to have breakfast.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post your comments by clicking on the "Add a Comment" button in the Daily Vitamin section on our website (www.ziggurat.es/es/lecciones_ingles/index.asp).

I hope you have a nice day.



Monday the 17th of May, 2010
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JUST-5

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Hello everyone. I hope you had a nice weekend.

Two weeks ago, at the end of the Daily Vitamin from Thursday, May 6th (JUST-4), I said we would continue our review of the word just the following week. However, in the end we looked at cufflink and other uses of and expressions with the word link. Today we finally return to our review of more expressions and uses of just.

Today's expression is: just about (informal)

Meaning: used to express the idea of almost, very nearly or approximately.

Example 1:
Lisa: Are you enjoying the party?
Kelly: Yes. Very much! I think I've met just about everyone here and they are all very friendly.

Example 2:
Rachel: Did you reach your sales target?
Jack: Just about; and I still have another week to go. I'm sure I will reach it.

Example 3:
It's quarter to eight. Anthony should be arriving just about now.

I think I've said just about everything I wanted to say about this expression. But, if you have any questions, please post a comment in the Daily Vitamin section on our website (http://www.ziggurat.es/es/lecciones_ingles/index.asp).

Have a great day!