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Monday the 30th of June, 2008
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TO MIND-3 (REVISION)

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning.

Today we continue with meanings and uses of the verb to mind.

Today's meaning of mind as a verb is: to take care of or look after somebody or something for a short time.

This meaning is more common in UK English than in US English.

Example 1
Daniella's mother usually minds the children for an hour after school.

Example 2
Can you mind the phones while I go to the post office? (= Can you "look after" or answer the phones?)

Example 3
The Bradbury family are looking for someone to mind their dog while they're away on holiday.

Tomorrow will be the final day we look at the verb mind. Remember, if you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, I don't mind answering your questions in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website (www.ziggurat.es).

Enjoy the rest of your day!



Friday the 27th of June, 2008
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VERB TO BE-4

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning.

It's Friday again and today we are going to finish our look at the verb TO BE with a short summary (resumen). Let's see how much you remember.

1) Para expresar la edad, la altura, el peso, el tamaño y el color, utilizamos el verbo TO BE:

The sky is blue.
Maria is tall. Peter is fat.
I am 35.
The chairs are small.


2) Usamos TO BE + adjetivo cuando hablamos de condiciones fisiológicas típicas, estado de salud, estado de ánimo y sentimientos.

I'm hungry.
They are cold.
She is in love.
They are depressed.


3) BE GOING TO indica una acción de futuro.

Next weekend we are going to Mallorca.

4) En las formas contraídas, la vocal del verbo desaparece y se sustituye por el apóstrofe

I am --> I'm

En la conjugación del Presente del TO BE, las formas afirmativas y negativas se pueden contraer (I'm, I'm not, He's-He isn't-He's not...), mientras que la forma interrogativa no (Am I?, Is he?...). En la conjugación del Pasado, solamente la forma negativa puede contraerse (I wasn't, He wasn't, We weren't...)

5) El verbo TO BE también se contrae con sujetos distintos de los pronombres, por ejemplo con los nombres propios.

Peter is a teacher. --> Peter's a teacher.

Para acabar, a continuación incluimos algunas expresiones con el verbo TO BE:

-TO BE RIGHT (Tener razón / Ser justo)
It is not right that he pay for my mistakes. (No es justo que el pague por mis errores.)

The boss is always right. (El jefe siempre tiene razón.)

-TO BE WRONG (Equivocarse / Erróneo)
You are wrong about that. (En eso estás equivocado.)

The date is wrong. (La fecha es incorrecta.)

-TO BE LUCKY (Tener suerte)
Maria is very lucky. (Maria tiene mucha suerte.)

That is all for this week. Have a nice weekend!



Thursday the 26th of June, 2008
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TO MIND-2 (REVISION)

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning.

Today we will continue looking at the verb to mind (if you don't mind). If you have ever travelled on a train or the underground in England, you have surely heard or seen the expression MIND THE GAP.

Today's meaning of mind as a verb is: to be careful of something. It is used to warn somebody of a possible danger or problem.

This meaning is more common in UK English than US English, and it is usually used in the imperative form.

Example 1
Mind (that) you don't step in the puddle (charco). (= Be careful you don't step in the puddle.)

Example 2
Mind your head as you go through the doorway! It's quite low.

Example 3
Mind you don't break any dishes while you are doing the washing up! They belonged to my grandmother and they are irreplaceable.

I hope you don't mind if we continue this topic in Monday's Daily Vitamin! Tomorrow (Friday) we will be sending the Essential Weekly Vitamin for beginner students.

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website (www.ziggurat.es). I don't mind answering your questions.

Have a good day!



Wednesday the 25th of June, 2008
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TO MIND-1 (REVISION)

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Good morning. I hope you had a good long weekend (for those of you that had one).

For the next few days we are going to look at the verb to mind, which we originally covered in September of 2004. 

Mind can also be a noun and is used in many different expressions. For example, we covered to make up your mind (to make a definite decision) in the Daily Vitamin on November 4th, 2003.

Today's meaning of mind as a verb is: to indicate that you don't feel annoyed, upset or bothered by something.

When we use the verb to mind with this meaning, we usually use it in the negative or question form. To mind also means that if someone offers you a choice, you are happy with any of the options.

Notice that after the verb mind we use a noun or a gerund.

Example 1
I don't mind doing the shopping for you this afternoon if you're busy. (= It's not a problem for me.)

Example 2
Catherine doesn't mind the high temperatures in summer, but she hates the humidity. (= The heat doesn't bother her, but the humidity does.)

Example 3
Speaker A: Where shall we go out to eat? To an Italian restaurant or a Chinese one?
Speaker B: I don't mind. (= I am happy with either option.)

If you say that you wouldn't mind something, it means that you would like it.

Example 4
I wouldn't mind going out for Chinese food tonight. (= I would like to go out for Chinese food.)

If you have any questions about today's Daily Vitamin, please post them in the Daily Vitamin Plus! forum section on our website (www.ziggurat.es).

Have a wonderful day.



Friday the 20th of June, 2008
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VERB TO BE-3

LISTEN TO THE DAILY VITAMIN HERE:

Hello again!

Hoy vamos a ver un par de características más del verbo TO BE, concretamente cuando va acompañado de otros verbos o formas verbales. También repasaremos su conjugación en el pasado.

1) El verbo TO BE precedido de GOING TO indica un tiempo de futuro. Equivale a la expresión española "ir a..."

Next weekend we are going to Mallorca.
El próximo fin de semana nos vamos a Mallorca.

On Wednesday I am going to the theatre.
El miércoles voy al teatro.

They are not going to pass the exam unless they study harder.
No aprobarán el examen a menos que estudien más.

2) Repasemos las formas de pasado:

FORMA AFIRMATIVA 
I was
you were
he-she-it was
we were
they were

FORMA NEGATIVA 
I was not (I wasn't)
you were not (you weren't)
he-she-it was not (he wasn't)
we were not (we weren't)
they were not (they weren't)

FORMA INTERROGATIVA
was I?
were you?
was he-she-it?
were we?
were they?

Fíjate que en la conjugación en Presente (lo vimos la semana pasada), las formas afirmativa y negativa se pueden contraer, mientras que en la interrogativa no. En la forma del Pasado, solamente la forma negativa puede contraerse.

Las formas contraídas suelen utilizarse en la conversación, pero no se usan en la escritura siempre, salvo cuando el propio escrito tiene un carácter informal o refleja una conversación (como en los emails).

Recuerda que el lunes 23 es puente en Barcelona (verbena), y el martes es festivo (Sant Joan), por lo que estos dos días no enviaremos la Daily Vitamin.

This is all for now, have a nice day and a relaxing weekend!