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Monday the 30th of April, 2012
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Good morning,

I hope you enjoyed your weekend. Today we finish our set of Daily Vitamins about the verb TO WIND.

Today's verb is: TO WIND DOWN

Meaning 1: to refer to a mechanical object, like a clock, that is gradually losing power.

Example 1:
The toy rabbit is winding down. It's getting slower and slower. Turn the key to make it start again.

Meaning 2: to bring an activity gradually to its close (similar to TO WIND SOMETHING UP).

Example 2:
The dinner party has been a lot of fun, but now it's time to start winding things down. Who wants to help me wash the dishes?

Meaning 3: to relax.

Example 3:
After a long, hard day at work, I usually have a glass of wine and watch some TV to help myself wind down. What do you do to wind down after you've been working all day?

Speaking of winding down, now that we've wound down this set of Daily Vitamins, I'd like to thank Susana for her suggestion. If anybody else has a suggestion for a DV, please send us an e-mail.

Tomorrow is a national bank holiday in Spain, but we'll be back with a new Vitamin on Wednesday, May 2nd. We hope you can take advantage of the holiday to wind down!

See you on Wednesday.

Friday the 27th of April, 2012
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Good morning everyone.

Hoy seguimos con nuestra serie de Essential Weekly Vitamins de expresiones con la palabra WRITE

Today's expression is: to write something down
(La expresión de hoy es: apuntar algo)

Meaning 1
: to write something on a piece of paper, especially with the objective of remembering it or recording it for future reference.
(Significado 1: escribir algo en un trozo de papel, sobre todo con el objetivo de recordarlo en el futuro.)

Example 1:
Here... write down my telephone number. Please call me soon. Bye!
(Toma...apunta mi número de teléfono. Por favor, llámame pronto. ¡Adiós!)

Meaning 2: to reduce the value of an asset because it is overvalued compared to the market value.
(Significado 2: reducir el valor de un activo porque está sobrevalorado en comparación con su valor en el mercado.)

Example 2:
Since the crisis has begun, many of the banks have had to write down their investments in property!
(Desde el comienzo de la crisis, muchos bancos han tenido que depreciar el valor de sus inversiones inmobiliarias.)

Si tienes alguna pregunta sobre el contenido de la Essential Weekly Vitamin de hoy, por favor escribe un comentario en la sección de la Daily Vitamin en nuestra web, clicando en el botón "Add a Comment".

I hope you have a nice day and a great weekend!

Thursday the 26th of April, 2012
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Good morning,

Today we look at another meaning of the verb TO WIND UP.

Today's expression is

Meaning 1
: to turn a key or dial in a mechanical object, usually a clock or watch, so that it functions.

Example 1
Every morning they have to wind up the antique grandfather clock on the wall.

Meaning 2
: to gradually reduce an activity until you stop doing it.

Example 2
If nobody has anything else to add, then we can wind up the meeting and go for coffee.

is also used in this informal expression: TO WIND SOMEBODY UP

Meaning 3
: to tease or irritate another person

Example 3
Jules! Stop winding your sister up! She's starting to cry.
: She's such a cry-baby. Can't she take a joke?

Please let us know if you have any questions about these expressions by leaving a comment on our website in the Daily Vitamin section.

Tomorrow we present the Essential Weekly Vitamin for Spanish-speaking students of English and on Monday we will explain the verb TO WIND DOWN.

Enjoy your day!

Wednesday the 25th of April, 2012
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Good morning,

Today we are continuing our look at meanings of and expressions with the verb TO WIND.

Today's verb is: TO WIND UP

Meaning: to finish or end up in a situation, state or place.

Example 1:
I fell asleep on the bus and I wound up in the outskirts of the city, when I had intended to get off in the city centre.

Example 2:
Vicky: Do you remember Paul from the marketing department?
Brenda: Sure. He doesn't work here anymore, does he?
Vicky: No. He wound up working for the competition and now he's the vice president of the company!
Brenda: No kidding! I always knew he was a talented guy.

In fact, the verb TO WIND UP has other meanings, some of which we will look at tomorrow.

Have a great day!

Tuesday the 24th of April, 2012
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Good morning,

We received a request from Susana, asking us about the meaning and use of the verb TO WIND. She wrote "... I wasn't really aware of 'wind' as a verb, and after checking the dictionary I'm still not very sure how to use it."

For the next few days we're going to look at the meaning of TO WIND, and some related expressions.

Today's word is: TO WIND (past: WOUND)

Meaning 1: to move in a curving, non-linear way.

Example 1:
The path winds through the forest, around trees and over streams, eventually leading to a small cottage.

Meaning 2: to make a clock, a watch or another mechanical device function by turning a key.

Example 2:
I wear an old-fashioned watch. It belonged to my grandfather. I have to wind it every day or else it stops working.

Meaning 3: to move a cassette, film reel or video tape backwards or forward until you get to the place that you want.

Example 3:
My children are so used to digital media that they don't know how to wind a cassette tape. It makes me laugh because I spent my entire youth winding cassettes and videos backwards and forwards, trying to find my favourite songs and dialogues.

Tomorrow we will look at some expressions with the verb TO WIND. If you have any questions about this verb, please leave us a comment in the Daily Vitamin section on our website.

See you tomorrow.